What is Klinefelter’s Syndrome
Klinefelter’s syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by the presence of an additional X chromosome in almost all of the cells in the body. Thus, males with Klinefelter’s syndrome have an XXY chromosome pattern. The symptoms of Klinefelter’s syndrome are many, but not all the males show every symptom.
Symptoms of Klinefelter’s Syndrome
Some of the symptoms of Klinefelter’s syndrome are listed below:
- As babies, the males have decreased strength and weaker muscles. The baby motor milestones like rolling over, sitting up, crawling or walking is delayed.
- In late childhood and adolescence, the males may be taller than average with poor muscle co-ordination and control. They also have broader hips, shorter torso and longer legs. The puberty is often incomplete or delayed and may lead to deficiency in testosterone. As compared to other males of the same age they have less body and facial hair, a less muscular body, lower levels of energy, larger breasts, smaller testicles and penis and weaker bones.
- As adults, males with Klinefelter’s syndrome are taller than average and are prone to heath disorder like breast cancer, autoimmune problems, infertility, tooth decay and less or no production of sperm. Some may have a decreased sex drive or have sexual problems while others may have normal sex lives.
- As babies, males with Klinefelter syndrome may face delays in speaking and understanding language.
- As young boys, they may have math, reading or writing problems, difficulties in expressing their needs and thoughts through the use of language and difficulties in processing what they hear.
- As adults, most males may have successful careers, but may continue to have difficulties in jobs that require reading or writing.
Social development –
- As babies, males with Klinefelter syndrome tend to have a quiet and docile temperament and personality. They are also less demanding.
- As boys, they are less active, lack self-confidence and are more obedient and helpful than other boys their age. They may have attention problems. In addition, they may be quieter, shyer and have trouble associating or socializing with other kids as well as struggle in sports and other school activities.
- As adults, the social problems are not there and they may have normal relationships, friends and family.
Klinefelter Syndrome Causes
Klinefelter syndrome is caused by the presence of an extra copy of the X chromosome in the body cells
Klinefelters Syndrome Treatment
There is no cure for Klinefelter syndrome. However its symptoms may be treated as follows:
- Testosterone replacement therapy to induce puberty and the associated body changes
- Surgery to remove excess breast tissue.
- Physical and speech therapy for muscle weakness and language improvement.
- Fertility treatment to increase sperm count and quantity
- Psychological counselling to deal with the emotional and social problems
Support groups Klinefelter’s Syndrome
The American Association for Klinefelter Syndrome Information and Support (AAKSIS) – www.aaksis.org
Klinefelter’s Syndrome Pictures
Picture 1 : Klinefelter s Syndrome Karyotype
Image source : aafp.org
Picture 2 : Klinefelter s Syndrome Features
Image source : genmed.yolasite.com
Picture 3 : Klinefelters Syndrome Image
Image source : empowher.com
Picture 4 : Klinefelter’s Syndrome Photo
Image source : genetics.utah.edu
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